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Kumbha Mela details

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Kumbha Mela

Kumbha Mela

Recent Kumbha Mela

About Kumbha Mela

The Kumbha Mela, which can also be referred as religious congregation of people including both men and women, is the largest religious gathering in the world. During the festival, Lakhs of people gather to have holy baths, especially on certain auspicious days, in the holy water of the river by the side of which this Mela is held. Apart from having holy bath, people gather to have Darshan of the Sadhus who come down to the Mela from Himalayas as well as from other parts of India.

The Kumbha Mela is held at four different locations by turn and continues for about a month. The time and place for holding this unique Mela is decided, unlike other solar festivals, not only on the position of the Sun in a Rashi division but also that of the planet Jupiter, also known as Brihaspati. The rules of holding Kumbha Mela are elaborated in following table.

Sl.No.
Place of holding the Mela
Position of Jupiter and Sun in Rashi division
Approx. date for start of the Mela
Kumbha Mela Type
1
Haridwar
Sun entering Mesha Rashi when Jupiter is in Kumbha Rashi
Mid April
Purna Kumbha on the bank of river Ganga
2
Allahabad (Prayag)
Sun entering Makara Rashi when Jupiter is in Vrishabha Rashi
Mid January
Purna Kumbha on the bank of river Ganga
3
Allahabad (Prayag)
Sun entering Makara Rashi when Jupiter is in Vrishchika Rashi
Mid January
Ardha Kumbha on the bank of river Ganga
4
Ujjain
Sun entering Mesha Rashi when Jupiter is in Simha Rashi
Mid April
Kumbha on the bank of river Shipra
5
Nasik
Sun entering Simha Rashi when Jupiter is in Simha Rashi
Mid July
Simhastha Kumbha on the bank of river Godavari
6
*Haridwar
Sun entering Mesha Rashi when Jupiter is in Simha Rashi
Mid April
Ardha Kumbha on the bank of river Ganga

*When Kumbha Mela is held at Ujjain, at the same time an Ardha Kumbha Yoga is considered to happen at Haridwar, but this Kumbha is given less importance compared to the other Kumbha. This is apparently due to the fact of holding a Kumbha Mela at Ujjain at the same time and that at Nasik only at difference of few months.

Hence to summarize the above table

Auspicious bathing days, except the one on Vaisakhi day at Haridwar, are normally determined on the basis of lunar days like Purnima and Amavasya, etc.

Kalash
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